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- The Locations of Locatives
- Frontal View
- Profile View
- Palm Orientation in Locative Space
- Locatives in ASL Grammar
The concept of neutral space was explained in the last step, but what do we do when an ASL word connects with the body? Locative space makes it possible to anchor ASL words to parts of the body and still be understood.
There are two views in this category, frontal and profile. The locative marks within those views are also known as locatives.
When an ASL word contacts the body and/or travels across it, the frontal view provides the base for their movements. Frontal locative marks signify the specific parts of the body.
Vertical marks are not needed, since the locatives establish orientation.
Below are a few ASL words that utilize frontal locatives.
The profile view is unusual in that it is written from a third-person perspective. ASL words that fit this perspective best travel outward from the body, making it necessary to show their path from another view. The profile locative marks identify which area of the body the words are anchored to.
As with frontal locative marks, vertical marks are not needed because orientation is automatically identified.
A few example ASL words that use profile locatives are written below.
Profile locatives can be flipped to fit handedness.
Locative space is part of the four components of palm orientation in written ASL. The wise usage of frontal and profile locatives establish the orientation of a handshape. It can make a big difference in which ASL word is expressed.
The ability of locatives to identify the body also serve as an important component of ASL grammar. When used that way, they fall under the category of extramanual marks. This will be explored further in the next chapter.
– Read and identify the following ASL words:
– Complete the following ASL words with the correct locatives:
– Can you think of more ASL words that use locatives?
Next Step: Extramanual Marks
Illustrations © Adrean Clark.
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